The Politics of Climate Change: Negotiating Global Cooperation and National Interests


  • Sara Yousaf Shaheed Zulfikar Ali Bhutto Institute (SZABIST), Islamabad


Climate change, international cooperation, national interests, , global governance, equity, power imbalances, sustainable development


Climate change presents a complex global challenge, requiring concerted international action while simultaneously confronting the competing interests of individual nations. This article explores the intricate interplay between the pursuit of global cooperation and the protection of national interests within the context of climate change negotiations. It examines the historical development of international climate agreements, analyzes the key challenges posed by differing national priorities and perspectives, and evaluates the potential pathways for overcoming these obstacles. Drawing on case studies and relevant theoretical frameworks, the article sheds light on the political dynamics that shape climate action, highlighting the role of power imbalances, historical responsibility, economic considerations, and domestic political pressures. Ultimately, it argues for a nuanced understanding of the political landscape surrounding climate change, emphasizing the need for flexible and equitable solutions that reconcile the pursuit of global environmental goals with the legitimate concerns of individual nations.